959 Winter 2020 From Dictatorship to Democracy: The Postwar Transformation of the Foreign Policy of the Holy See
Friday, 1:00–2:30, Jan. 31
Instructor: Mark R. Royce
This course will survey the transformation after World War II of the foreign policy of the Holy See from one of authoritarian reaction to democratic idealism. Up to the second world war, the Vatican pursued a policy of accommodation with right-wing authoritarian elements, through concordats with Mussolini (1929) and Hitler (1933), through the proscription of liberal literatures, and through the disestablishment of democratic Catholicism. Yet, during the postwar era, the Holy See dramatically reoriented itself toward engagement with the democratic world, a transformation involving the governments of Konrad Adenauer, Alcide De Gasperi, and Robert Schuman, as well as the convocation of the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), all of which fundamentally reconstituted the position of the Catholic Church within international politics.
Mark R. Royce, PhD, is assistant professor of international relations at Northern Virginia Community College Annandale and author of The Political Theology of European Integration: Comparing the Influence of Religious Histories on European Policies (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017).